Laws against dating violence

Teenage sex is regulated in such a way that "age of consent laws render teenagers below a certain age incapable of consent to sexual activity with adults, and sometimes with peers".

In some cases, the adult may be just a few months older than the minor.

There are a number of states in which "age of consent statutes are used to prosecute consensual sex between two persons both under the age of consent." This type of prosecution has been deemed unconstitutional in some states by citing violation of privacy rights, but remains in effect in other states.

Sexual behavior and aggression can be so deeply intertwined that the legality of underage consensual sex is sure to have an effect on teen dating violence.

The research has mainly focused on Caucasian youth, and there are yet no studies which focus specifically on IPV in adolescent same-sex romantic relationships.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) in adolescents is an important realm of study as, in addition to the usual negative effects of abuse, this violence occurs at a critical period in the social and mental development of a person.

There is a common misconception that aggression is stable over time.

President of the World Bank Group Jim Yong Kim echoed Gerntholtz's observations during a humanitarian conference in Washington D. “If domestic violence continues to receive inadequate attention, it tells women they have less worth and less power than men," Kim said.

Gerntholtz pointed out that while ordinary criminal law does outlaw violence, and therefore domestic abuse should be treated as a crime, the issue has historically been ignored by governments and underreported by women.

"Because the violence is so invisible you needed laws to enroll judges, police and other authorities to look for it and prosecute it," she said.

This is a contentious issue because there is a desire to protect both parties involved (or that have the potential to become involved) in teen dating violence.

While classifying the perpetrator as a threat may be detrimental to his or her life and future relationships, not classifying the perpetrator this way may put future partners at risk.

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Girls are more likely to report committing less serious forms of IPV, including as a means of self-defense, whereas boys are more likely to report committing more severe acts of IPV, including threats, physical violence and controlling a partner.

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